1After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; for He did not want to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill Him.2Now the Jewish Feast of Booths was at hand.3His brothers therefore said to Him, Depart from here and go into Judea, that Your disciples also may see the works that You do.4For no one does anything in secret while he himself seeks to be known openly. If You do these things, make Yourself known to the world.5For neither did His brothers believe into Him.6Then Jesus said to them, My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready.7The world cannot hate you; but it hates Me because I bear witness of it that its works are evil.8You go up to the feast. I am not yet going up to the feast, for My time has not yet been fulfilled.9When He had said these things to them, He remained in Galilee.10But when His brothers had gone up, then He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. 11Then the Jews sought Him at the feast, and said, Where is He? 12And there was much murmuring among the people concerning Him. Some said, He is good; others said, No, rather, He leads the multitudes astray.13However, no one spoke openly of Him for fear of the Jews.14Now about the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and taught.15And the Jews marveled, saying, How does this Man know letters, having never studied?16Jesus answered them and said, My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me.17If anyone wants to do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether it is from God or whether I speak out of Myself.18He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but He who seeks the glory of the One who sent Him is true, and unrighteousness is not in Him.19Did not Moses give you the Law, yet none of you keeps the Law? Why do you seek to kill Me?20The people answered and said, You have a demon. Who seeks to kill You?21Jesus answered and said to them, I did one work, and you all marvel.22Moses therefore gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath.23If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the Law of Moses should not be broken, are you angry with Me because I made a man completely well on the Sabbath?24Do not judge according to appearance, but judge righteous judgment.25Then some of them from Jerusalem said, Is this not He whom they seek to kill?26But behold, He speaks boldly, and they say nothing to Him. Perhaps the rulers truly know that this is truly the Christ?27However, we know where this Man is from; but when the Christ comes, no one knows where He is from.28Then Jesus cried out, as He taught in the temple, saying, You both know Me, and you know where I am from; and I have not come from Myself, but He who sent Me is true, whom you do not know.29But I know Him, for I am from Him, and He sent Me.30Therefore they sought to take Him; but no one laid a hand on Him, because His hour had not yet come.31And many out of the crowd believed into Him, and said, When the Christ comes, will He do more signs than these which this Man has done?32The Pharisees heard the crowd murmuring these things concerning Him, and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take Him.33Then Jesus said to them, I shall be with you a little while longer, and then I go to Him who sent Me.34You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you are not able to come.35Then the Jews said among themselves, Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him? He does not intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks, does He?36What is this thing that He said, You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you are not able to come?37On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink.38He who believes into Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.39But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing into Him were about to receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.40Therefore many from the crowd, when they heard this saying, said, Truly this is the Prophet.41Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Christ does not come out of Galilee.42Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?43So there was a division in the crowd because of Him.44And some of them wanted to take Him, but no one laid hands on Him.45Then the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, Why have you not brought Him?46The officers answered, No man ever spoke like this Man.47Then the Pharisees answered them, Have you not also been led astray?48Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed into Him?49But this crowd that does not know the Law is accursed.50Nicodemus (he who came to Jesus by night, being one of them) said to them,51Does our Law judge a man before it hears him and knows what he does?52They answered and said to him, Are you also from Galilee? Search and look, for no prophet has arisen out of Galilee.53And each one went to his own house.
Matthew Henry - Concise Commentary 1
The brethren or kinsmen of Jesus were disgusted, when they found there was no prospect of worldly advantages from him. Ungodly men sometimes undertake to counsel those employed in the work of God; but they only advise what appears likely to promote present advantages. The people differed about his doctrine and miracles, while those who favoured him, dared not openly to avow their sentiments. Those who count the preachers of the gospel to be deceivers, speak out, while many who favour them, fear to get reproach by avowing regard for them. 14
Every faithful minister may humbly adopt Christ's words. His doctrine is not his own finding out, but is from God's word, through the teaching of his Spirit. And amidst the disputes which disturb the world, if any man, of any nation, seeks to do the will of God, he shall know whether the doctrine is of God, or whether men speak of themselves. Only those who hate the truth shall be given up to errors which will be fatal. Surely it was as agreeable to the design of the sabbath to restore health to the afflicted, as to administer an outward rite. Jesus told them to decide on his conduct according to the spiritual import of the Divine law. We must not judge concerning any by their outward appearance, but by their worth, and by the gifts and graces of God's Spirit in them. 25
Christ proclaimed aloud, that they were in error in their thoughts about his origin. He was sent of God, who showed himself true to his promises. This declaration, that they knew not God, with his claim to peculiar knowledge, provoked the hearers; and they sought to take him, but God can tie men's hands, though he does not turn their hearts. 31
The discourses of Jesus convinced many that he was the Messiah; but they had not courage to own it. It is comfort to those who are in the world, but not of it, and therefore are hated by it and weary of it, that they shall not be in it always, that they shall not be in it long. Our days being evil, it is well they are few. The days of life and of grace do not last long; and sinners, when in misery, will be glad of the help they now despise. Men dispute about such sayings, but the event will explain them. 37
On the last day of the feast of tabernacles, the Jews drew water and poured it out before the Lord. It is supposed that Christ alluded to this. If any man desires to be truly and for ever happy, let him apply to Christ, and be ruled by him. This thirst means strong desires after spiritual blessings, which nothing else can satisfy; so the sanctifying and comforting influences of the Holy Spirit, were intended by the waters which Jesus called on them to come to Him and drink. The comfort flows plentifully and constantly as a river; strong as a stream to bear down the opposition of doubts and fears. There is a fulness in Christ, of grace for grace. The Spirit dwelling and working in believers, is as a fountain of living, running water, out of which plentiful streams flow, cooling and cleansing as water. The miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit we do not expect, but for his more common and more valuable influences we may apply. These streams have flowed from our glorified Redeemer, down to this age, and to the remote corners of the earth. May we be anxious to make them known to others. 40
The malice of Christ's enemies is always against reason, and sometimes the staying of it cannot be accounted for. Never any man spake with that wisdom, and power, and grace, that convincing clearness, and that sweetness, wherewith Christ spake. Alas, that many, who are for a time restrained, and who speak highly of the word of Jesus, speedily lose their convictions, and go on in their sins! People are foolishly swayed by outward motives in matters of eternal moment, are willing even to be damned for fashion's sake. As the wisdom of God often chooses things which men despise, so the folly of men commonly despises those whom God has chosen. The Lord brings forward his weak and timid disciples, and sometimes uses them to defeat the designs of his enemies.