1And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar was dreaming dreams, and his spirit was troubled, and his sleep left him.2And the king commanded to call the magicians, and the conjurers, and the sorcerers and the Chaldeans, to declare to the king his dreams. And they came and stood before the king.3And the king said to them, I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit is troubled to know the dream.4And the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic: O king, live forever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will explain the interpretation.5The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, The command is gone from me. If you will not make known the dream and its interpretation to me, you will be cut in pieces, and your houses shall be made an outhouse.6But if you declare the dream and its interpretation, you shall receive gifts and rewards and great honor from me. Therefore, declare the dream and its interpretation to me.7They again replied and said, Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will explain its interpretation.8The king answered and said, I know that you would buy time, because you see that the command is gone from me.9But if you will not make the dream known to me, there is one law for you. For you have agreed upon lying and deceiving words to speak before me until the time has changed. Therefore, tell me the dream, then I shall know that you have the ability to explain the interpretation to me.10The Chaldeans replied before the king and said, There is not a man on the earth who can declare the king's matter, because not any king, lord, or ruler has asked such a thing from any magician, or conjurer, or Chaldean.11And the thing that the king asks is rare. And there is no other who can declare it before the king, except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh.12Because of all this the king was enraged and angered. And he commanded all the wise men of Babylon to be destroyed. 13And the law went out that the wise men should be killed. And they searched for Daniel and his companions, to be killed. 14Then Daniel answered with counsel and discretion to Arioch the chief of the king's guard, who had gone out to kill the wise men of Babylon.15He answered and said to Arioch, the king's officer, Why is the decree so hasty from the king? And Arioch made the thing known to Daniel.16And Daniel went in and asked of the king that he would give him time, and he would declare to the king the interpretation.17Then Daniel went to his house and made the matter known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions,18that they might pray for the mercies of God in Heaven concerning this secret, that Daniel and his companions should not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.19Then the secret was revealed to Daniel in a night vision, and Daniel blessed the God of Heaven.20Daniel answered and said, Blessed be the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and might are His.21And He changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings, and sets up kings; He gives wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those who have understanding.22He reveals the deep and secret things; He knows what is in the darkness, and light dwells in Him.23I thank You and praise You, O God of my fathers, who has given me wisdom and might, and has made known to me what we asked of You. For You have made known to us the king's matter.24Then Daniel went to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon. He went and said this to him, Do not destroy the wise men of Babylon. Bring me before the king, and I will declare the interpretation to the king.25Then Arioch quickly brought Daniel before the king and spoke this to him, I have found a man of the captives of Judah who will make the interpretation known to the king.26The king answered and said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen, and its interpretation?27Daniel replied before the king and said, The secret which the king has demanded cannot be declared to the king by the wise men, the conjurers, the magicians, or the fortunetellers.28But there is a God in Heaven who reveals secrets, and makes known to King Nebuchadnezzar what shall be in the latter days. Your dream, and the visions of your head on your bed, are these:29As for you, O king, thoughts came to you on your bed, about what should come to pass after this. And He who reveals secrets makes known to you what shall come to pass.30But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for any wisdom that I have more than any living man, but in order that the interpretation might be made known to the king, and that you might know the thoughts of your heart.31You, O king, were watching, and behold, a certain great image! This great image stood before you with extraordinary brightness, and its form was dreadful.32The head of this image was of fine gold, its chest and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,33its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay.34You watched until it happened that a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them to pieces.35Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold were together broken to pieces, and they became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors. And the wind carried them away so that they could not be found anywhere. And the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.36This is the dream. Now we will tell the interpretation of it before the king.37You O king are a king of kings. For the God of Heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and honor.38And wherever the sons of men, the animals of the field, and the birds of the sky dwell, He has given them into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all. You are this head of gold.39And in your place shall arise another kingdom inferior to yours, and another third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth.40And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron. Inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters all things, and like iron that crushes all these, it will break in pieces and crush.41And whereas you saw the feet and the toes, partly of potters' clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided. But there shall be in it the strength of iron, just as you saw the iron mixed with miry clay.42And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly broken.43And as you saw the iron mixed with the miry clay, they shall become mixed with the seed of men. But they shall not cleave to one another, even as iron does not fellowship with clay.44And in the days of these kings, the God of Heaven shall set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed. And the kingdom shall not be left to other people. It shall break in pieces and bring all these kingdoms to an end, and it shall stand forever.45Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold in pieces, the Great God has made known to the king what shall come to pass after this. And the dream is certain, and the interpretation of it is sure.46Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face prostrate before Daniel. And he commanded that they present an offering to him with incense.47The king answered Daniel and said, Your God truly is a God of gods and a Lord of kings, and a Revealer of secrets, since you could reveal this secret.48Then the king made Daniel great and gave him many great gifts. And he made him ruler over all the province of Babylon, and chief of the governors over all the wise men of Babylon.49And Daniel petitioned the king, and he set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego over the affairs of the province of Babylon. But Daniel sat in the gate of the king.
Comentario de la Biblia de Matthew Henry
Versículos 1-13. El sueño de Nabucodonosor.
14-23. Revelado a Daniel.
24-30. Recibido por el rey.
31-45. El sueño y la interpretación.
46-49. Honores para Daniel y sus amigos. Vv. 1-13.
Los hombres más grandes son los más expuestos a las preocupaciones y trastornos de la mente, que perturban su reposo nocturno, mientras el sueño del hombre que trabaja es dulce y profundo. No conocemos la inquietud de muchos que viven con gran pompa y, según otros piensan vanamente, con placer. El rey pidió a sus sabios que le dijeran el sueño mismo o todos iban a ser ejecutados como engañadores. Los hombres están más ansiosos por preguntar sobre los hechos futuros que por aprender el camino de la salvación o la senda del deber; pero el conocimiento anticipado de los sucesos aumenta la ansiedad y el trastorno. Los que engañaban, pretendiendo hacer lo que no podían, fueron sentenciados a muerte por no poder hacer lo que pretendían.Vv. 14-23.
Daniel oró humildemente que Dios le revelara el sueño del rey y su significado. Los amigos que oran son amigos valiosos; y bien le corresponde a los hombres más grandes y mejores desear las oraciones de los demás. Mostremos que valoramos a nuestros amigos y sus oraciones.
Oraban en forma específica. Lo que pidamos en oración, sólo podemos esperarlo como dádiva de la gracia de Dios. En la oración Él nos permite decir nuestras necesidades y nuestras cargas. Su ruego a Dios era el peligro en que estaban.
La misericordia por la que oraban Daniel y sus amigos fue concedida. La oración eficaz del justo puede mucho. Daniel estaba agradecido de Dios por hacerle saber lo que le salvó la vida y la de sus amigos. ¡Cuánto más debemos estar agradecidos a Dios por dar a conocer la grandiosa salvación del alma a los que no están entre los sabios y prudentes del mundo!Vv. 24-30.
Daniel hace cambiar la opinión del rey sobre sus magos y adivinos. La insuficiencia de las criaturas debe llevarnos a la absoluta suficiencia del Creador. Hay uno que puede hacer por nosotros, y darnos a conocer a nosotros, lo que nadie en la tierra puede, específicamente, la obra de redención y los designios secretos del amor de Dios a nuestro favor que hay en ella.
Daniel confirmó al rey su opinión de que el sueño era de gran consecuencia con referencia a los asuntos y cambios de este mundo inferior.
Que aquellos a quienes Dios ha favorecido y honrado grandemente, dejen de lado toda opinión de su propia sabiduría y valor, para que solo el Señor sea alabado por el bien que ellos tienen y hacen.Vv. 31-45.
La imagen representaba a los reinos de la tierra que iban a dominar sucesivamente a todas las naciones y que influirían en los asuntos de la iglesia judía.
1. La cabeza de oro representaba al imperio caldeo, entonces en existencia.
2. El pecho y los brazos de plata significaban al imperio medopersa.
3. El vientre y muslos de bronce significaban al imperio griego, fundado por Alejandro el grande.
4. Las piernas y pies de hierro representaban al imperio romano. Este se dividió en diez reinos, como los dedos de estos pies. Algunos eran débiles como barro, otros fuertes como hierro. Siempre se ha hecho esfuerzos para unirlos, para fortalecer el imperio, pero en vano.
La piedra cortada sin manos humanas, representaba el reino de nuestro Señor Jesucristo que debiera establecerse sobre los reinos del mundo, sobre las ruinas del reino de Satanás en ellos. Esa era la Piedra que los edificadores desecharon, porque no fue cortada por sus manos, pero que ha llegado a ser la piedra principal del ángulo. Lo dilatado del imperio de Cristo y la paz no tendrán limite. El Señor reinará no sólo al final del tiempo, sino cuando el tiempo y los días ya no se cuenten. Los hechos han ocurrido, el cumplimiento de esta visión profética ha sido sumamente exacto e innegable; las eras futuras presenciarán que esta Piedra destruye la imagen, y llena toda la tierra.Vv. 46-49.
Asunto nuestro es dirigir la atención al Señor, como Autor y Dador de toda buena dádiva. Muchos tienen pensamientos del poder y majestad divino, pero no piensan en servir ellos a Dios. Pero todos deben esforzarse para que Dios sea glorificado y se promuevan los mejores intereses de la humanidad.