1Adam, Seth, Enosh,2Cainan, Mahalalel, Jared,3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech,4Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.5The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.6The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Diphath, and Togarmah.7The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.8The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.9The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raama, and Sabtecha. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.10Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth.11Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,12Pathrusim, Casluhim from whom came the Philistines and the Caphtorim.13Canaan begot Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth;14the Jebusite, the Amorite, and the Girgashite,15the Hivite, the Arkite, and the Sinite,16the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.17The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech.18Arphaxad begot Shelah, and Shelah begot Eber.19To Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother's name was Joktan.20Joktan begot Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,21Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,22Ebal, Abimael, Sheba,23Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.24Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,25Eber, Peleg, Reu,26Serug, Nahor, Terah,27and Abram, who is Abraham.28The sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael.29These are their generations. The firstborn of Ishmael: Nebajoth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,30Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema,31Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These, the sons of Ishmael.32The sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: She bore Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. The sons of Jokshan: Sheba and Dedan.33The sons of Midian: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these, the sons of Keturah.34And Abraham begot Isaac. The sons of Isaac: Esau and Israel.35The sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.36The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, and Kenaz; and by Timna, Amalek.37The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.38The sons of Seir: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.39The sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam. Lotan's sister was Timna.40The sons of Shobal: Alian, Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. The sons of Zibeon: Ajah and Anah.41The son of Anah: Dishon. The sons of Dishon: Hamran, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.42The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan. The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.43Now these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before a king reigned over the children of Israel: Bela the son of Beor; and the name of his city: Dinhabah.44And when Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place.45When Jobab died, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.46And when Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who struck Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his place. The name of his city was Avith.47When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place.48And when Samlah died, Shaul of Rehoboth by the River reigned in his place.49When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.50And when Baal-Hanan died, Hadad reigned in his place; and the name of his city: Pai. His wife's name: Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.51Hadad died also. And the chiefs of Edom: Chief Timnah, Chief Aliah, Chief Jetheth,52Chief Aholibamah, Chief Elah, Chief Pinon,53Chief Kenaz, Chief Teman, Chief Mibzar,54Chief Magdiel, and Chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom.
Jamieson Fausset Brown Bible Commentary 1
ADAM'S LINE TO NOAH. (1Ch. 1:1-23)
Adam, &c.--"Begat" must be understood. Only that one member of the family is mentioned, who came in the direct order of succession. 4
Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth--The three sons of this patriarch are enumerated, partly because they were the founders of the new world, and partly because the fulfilment of Noah's prophecy (Gen 9:25
) could not otherwise appear to have been verified. 12
Casluhim (of whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorim--a better rendering is, "and Casluhim, of whom came the Philistim and Caphtorim." They were brethren, the sons of Casluhim, and at first dwelt together, whence their names are used interchangeably. The Caphtorim are described as inhabiting Azzah, or Gaza, the seat of the Philistines. 14
the Jebusite, &c.--At 1Chr 1:14
-17 the names are not those of individuals, but of people who all sprang from Canaan; and as several of them became extinct or were amalgamated with their brethren, their national appellations are given instead of the personal names of their ancestors. 17
Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech--or, "Mash"; these were the children of Aram, and grandsons of Shem (Gen 10:23
Arphaxad begat Shelah--Cainan, the father's name, is omitted here. (See Luke 3:36
Peleg--(See on Gen 10:25
Ebal--or, "Obal" (Gen 10:28
SHEM'S LINE TO ABRAHAM. (1Chr 1:24
Shem, &c.--This comprises a list of ten, inclusive of Abraham. 29
SONS OF ISHMAEL. (1Chr 1:29
These are their generations--the heads of his twelve tribes. The great northern desert of Arabia, including the entire neck, was colonized by these tribes; and if we can recover, in the modern geography of this part of the country, Arab tribes bearing the names of those patriarchs, that is, names corresponding with those preserved in the original catalogue of Scripture, we obtain at once so many evidences, not of mere similarity, but of absolute identification [FORSTER].
Nebaioth--gave rise to the Nabathćans of the classic, and the Beni Nabat of Oriental writers.
Kedar--the Arab tribe, El Khedeyre, on the coast of Hedgar.
Abdeel--Abdilla, the name of a tribe in Yemen. 30
Dumah--Dumah and Tema, the great Arab tribes of Beni Teman. Thus this writer [Historical Geography of Arabia] traces the names of all the heads of the twelve tribes of Ishmael as perpetuated in the clans or tribes of the Arabs in the present day. 32
SONS OF KETURAH. (1Chr 1:32
sons of Keturah--These became founders of nomadic tribes in the north of Arabia and Syria, as Midian of the Midianites (Gen 36:35
; Judg 6:2
and Shuah--from whom Bildad sprang (Job 2:11
POSTERITY OF ABRAHAM BY ESAU. (1Chr 1:34
sons of Eliphaz--the tribe Adites, in the center country of the Saracens, so called from his mother, Adah (Gen 36:10
Teman--gave rise to the land of Teman, near the head of the Red Sea.
Omar--the tribe Beni-Amma, settled at the northern point of Djebel Shera (Mount Seir).
Zephi--the tribe Dzaf.
Gatam--Katam, inhabited by the tribe Al Saruat, or "people of Sarah."
Kenaz--the tribe Aenezes, a tribe whose settlement lies in the neighborhood of Syria.
Amalek--the Beni Malak of Zohran, and the Beni Maledj of the Shat el Arab. 37
Reuel--a powerful branch of the great Aeneze tribe, the Rowalla Arabs.
Shammah--the great tribe Beni Shammar. In the same way, the names of the other kings and dukes are traced in the modern tribes of Arabia. But it is unnecessary to mention any more of these obscure nomads, except to notice that Jobab (1Chr 1:44
), one of the kings of Edom, is considered to be Job, and that his seat was in the royal city of Dinahab (Gen 36:32
; 1Chr 1:43
), identified with O'Daeb, a well-known town in the center of Al Dahna, a great northern desert in the direction of Chaldea and the Euphrates [FORSTER].